The importance of PTSD statistics
The need for accurate and reliable PTSD statistics is undeniable. A psychological disorder, PTSD can have debilitating or even deadly consequences, and it matters greatly to know just how prevalent it is in a particular group of people. The thing is, it is not always a walk in the park to dig into PTSD statistics due to a lack of understanding of what PTSD is and its accompanying symptoms.
Also, results of studies differ considerably. For instance, there are studies showing that the incidence of PTSD in the US is between 1-3%, and there are claims, too, that 8% of Americans have PTSD at some point in their life. Yet there are reports that almost 100% of children who have had experienced trauma develop PTSD. So when you look at it, the incidence of PTSD is between 1% and 100%, and depends on what you are holding on.
PTSD sufferers are essentially those who have experienced a traumatic event in their life, and they could be the victims of war, crime, violence, natural disasters, and road accidents.
In a study conducted by the European Size and Burden of Disorders of the Brain organized by the European Brain Council involving 11 countries, Croatia had the highest incidence of PTSD at 6.67%, followed by Netherlands at 3.30%, and UK at 3%. PTSD was least prevalent in Romania with just .38%. It is worthy to note that Croatia also had the highest rate of war and crime victims.
In a separate study, Cambodia ranks first in terms of PTSD incidence, with estimates going up to as high as 33%, whereas across nations, the global average is not even half of 1%.
In America, the US PTSD statistics notes that 70% of Americans or roughly 224 million of them suffer from a traumatic experience, 20% of whom eventually develop PTSD. Yearly, around 7.7 million
American adults get affected by the disorder.
In Australia, PTSD is the second most common mental health disorder (the most common being depression), with around 800,000 Australian victims. According to the Australian Center for Post Traumatic Mental Health, an estimated 10% of people will develop PTSD. Those in Australia can get support through Lifeline 13 11 14 and SANE Australia 1800 18 SANE (7263) www, sane.org.
PTSD in the Military
It is not surprising to see PTSDs in the military. According to studies about 30% of the military force are diagnosed with the disorder. What’s a bit baffling, though, is that only a third of military personnel do go out in actual battle; the rest just take on support roles.
VA’s National Research Advisory Council notes that 17% of combat troops are women, and that 71% of female military personnel suffer from PTSD as a result of sexual trauma.
PTSD statistics in the military increased by as much as 50% in recent years.
PTSD Among War Veterans
Studies further claim that 11% to as high as 20% of veterans who served in the Operations Iraqi Freedom (OIF) and Enduring Freedom (OEF) develop PTSD, while an estimated 12% of Gulf War veterans and 15% of Vietnam War veterans are diagnosed with the disorder.
TSD Among Genders
Studies reveal that more women are likely to develop PTSD than men. According to US PTSD statistics, 10% of women and only 5% of men are diagnosed with PTSD, despite the finding that a greater percentage of men (60%) experience trauma than women (50%).
Interestingly, a study conducted by Picking Up The Peaces in 2009 reveals that most of the female victims are in their 20s, while most of the male respondents in their golden years. The US PTSD statistics confirm the finding that women are twice as likely to develop PTSD than men.
PTSD in Children
PTSD is common among children who have had undergone a traumatic experience. Accordingly, up to 43% of girls and boys will experience trauma of some form, in 40% of which, up to 15% of girls and up to 6% of boys eventually develop PTSD.
Quite expectedly, children who are at-risk have a greater chance of developing PTSD than those who are not, the National Center for PTSD says. The Center further cites studies that show as much as 100% of children who have personally witnessed parental homicide or experienced sexual assault end up with PTSD. Estimates are particularly high at 90% for sexually abused children who develop PTSD. Also, according to estimates, 77% of children who witnessed school shooting, and 35% of urban youth who experienced community violence, develop PTSD.
Though PTSD statistics can be quite vague, they nonetheless show that PTSD is increasing, hence the need for greater awareness campaigns and treatment to prevent worsening cases, especially among children and teenagers.
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Grad Cert. C.H. (MH), B.Soc.SC. (Hons) Masters P.H.C.